The People and Lifestyle of Iranian in the Capital City
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Development from rural, tribal, and nomad life into city life has occurred with great speed in the last 50 years. Although nonurban ways of life are not entirely erased, it is decreasing in size rapidly as cities becoming bigger and bigger. The modern city life in Iran is not very different from western societies. There are several cities with a population over one million in Iran, Tabriz, Mashhad, Shiraz, and Esfahan are to name e few.
But the capital Tehran is the biggest and the most populated city in Iran and probably one of the biggest and most populated cities in the world. People in Iran’s major cities enjoy all potentials a modern city can offer and at the same time experience challenges that are common for big cities like pollution and car traffic.
Tehran Covers an area of 1500 sq. km Tehran is situated in the north-central part of Iran, on the slope of the Alborz Mountain. As the national capital, it is the most populated city in Iran and the center of cultural, economic, political, and social activities. It is about 1200 meters above sea level and enjoys a mild climate.
Its importance began to increase in the Safavid period (1501-1736). Shah Tahmasp, the king of Iran from 1524 to 1576, was fascinated by the climate of Tehran, as a result of which many buildings including caravansaries were founded. He also built many towers around the city. In the reign of Agha Mohammad Khan, the founder of the Qajar Dynasty (1776- 1925), when Tehran was chosen as the capital of Iran, it enjoyed a boom.
The building founded by Naser Od-Din, shah of Iran (1848 – 1896) gave it a high position among the other cities. After the Qajar period, two architectural trends developed: an imitation of Western styles and an attempt to revive indigenous designs. The population of Tehran has had a boom in the last decades. In recent years the municipality of Tehran has taken great measures to increase the number of recreational facilities, including parks, stadiums, theaters, etc.
In Tehran for all tastes, there are plenty of choices. These choices are varying from Persian foods to different foods from all over the world. Persian foods can be served either in traditional Persian restaurants or in modern restaurants where serve Persian foods. non-Persian foods are served in restaurants which are known by name of the nationalities like chins, Indian, Italian, Lebanese, or French restaurant. There are also several fast-food restaurants where sandwiches, pizzas, and burgers are served. black tea (chai) is the national drink.